The transportation system is responsible for the movement of goods and people within and across borders. Transportation can be categorised into 4 basic modes: road, rail, maritime and air, and can be public or private. Some common examples of transportation are automobiles, bus, trains, ships and aircraft. These modes of transport must be accompanied by an interconnected network of infrastructure, such as roads, rail tracks, ports and airports. A well planned transportation system enables mobility, increases access to opportunities and brings about socioeconomic participation and growth. With increasing globalisation and population growth, more people are relying on various modes of transport for their daily commute and international travel. As a result, the need for efficient transportation systems has become more evident than ever.